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Page history last edited by Annabel Lee 10 years, 6 months ago

楊老師分享網路文章:

 

如何撰寫研究論文中的致謝辭? Steve Wallace

Steve Wallace目前任教於國立交通大學、國立中央大學及國立清華大學,開設科技英文寫作專門課程,教導博士班學生發表論文相關寫作技巧。Steve曾到台灣各地進行演講及舉辦研討會,並出版科技英文寫作相關書籍。


如何撰寫研究論文中的致謝辭?

諸位研究者:

在台灣各地演講時,許多人詢問我有關於發表學術論文的相關問題以及收到許多的電子郵件尋求這方面的協助。我們將在每個月的電子報中陸續為大家回覆這些問題,希望這些答案對您的寫作有所裨益,我們也歡迎您將您的問題傳達給我們,我們將竭誠為您解答。

Steve Wallace,

Director of Wallace Academic Editing

www.editing.tw

editing@wallace.tw

問題:

由於一時疏忽,忘了在我的研究論文感謝辭內提及經費支助的機構。原本以為他們會對論文已被發表在期刊內感到高興,相反的,他們卻將要停止我所有的研究經費。我不確定該如何撰寫我研究論文中的致謝辭,我該感謝哪些人?有哪些考量?另外,您可以提供一些可使用於致謝辭當中的例句嗎?

- R.C., 國立交通大學

答覆:

所謂的「致謝辭」就是除了作者本身以外,其他對此研究論文有貢獻的人員都應列於致謝辭之中。致謝辭置於稿件主內文的最後,介於結論以及參考文獻之間。以下列舉應感謝的人,包括:支援技術的相關人員、協助寫作內容的同儕,或是提供所有相關支援的系所主任,也應對提供經費以及資源的人員或單位(包括研究計畫補助)表達感激之意。

提供研究資源的人員,但與著作沒有直接關聯性,我們可藉以標題式抬頭一一感謝這些人員,例如
clinical investigators (臨床研究者)或是 participating
investigators
(參與的研究人員),並描述其職責及貢獻。如在一跨醫學中心的研究中,參與的人員、合作的醫師以及科學家可能為數眾多,此時可使用
served as scientific advisors(提供科學指導)、collected
data(蒐集數據)或 provided and cared for study
patients(提供研究個案和照顧個案)。

由於讀者可能會預設這些被提及的人員將為這些數據及結論背書,身為作者最好是先取得這些人的書面同意,並特別闡述其個人的貢獻。

致謝的內容應包含:

• 技術支援

• 資料收集上的幫助

• 寫作上的協助

• 經費上的支援,例如:補助計畫

• 研究團隊的指導

• 在一大型跨中心計畫中的部份貢獻

長度

研究論文的致謝辭相對於書本的致謝辭短了許多,多為一句至數句之間,佔篇幅僅數行。


致謝辭的位置

此電子報中所有的致謝辭範例皆取自於研究論文最後的部分,包括:

• 參考文獻之前,並於一獨立的標題之下

• 最後的註解之一

標題

• 無須標題(致謝辭是列於註腳中)


使用Acknowledgements(適用於多數列於參考文獻前的致謝辭)


使用單數的Acknowledgement(某些參考文獻前的致謝辭)

致謝辭應包含的元素(附例句)

致謝辭中通常會包含以下五個元素,但每個期刊要求略有不同。

1. 前言

2.
先前文章的研討會版本、引用其它作者的資源以及承認其著作權

3. 感謝

4. 感謝經費之來源

5. 免責聲明

致謝辭元素範例

1. 前言

The authors would like to thank all colleagues and students who
contributed to this study.

2.
先前文章的研討會版本、引用其它作者的資源以及承認其著作權

This paper originally appeared in System 21(2): 231-244, 1993 and is a
revised version of a paper originally presented at the 24TH Annual
TESOL Convention. San Francisco, march, 1990. Some of the materials
presented in this paper were first published in TEXT 20(4)2000, Walter
de Gruyter, Germany. The author’s are grateful for the publisher’s
permission to reprint the materials here.

3. 感謝

• Thanks for helping in (e.g., data collection and analysis,
learning to access material).

• Thanks for commenting on an (early) draft of the work/part of the
work.

• Thanks for permission to use material.

• Thanks for permission to refer to material.

• Thanks for permission to draw on material for the examples in the
work.

• Thanks for letting the author make use of material.

• Thanks for allowing to use material.

• Thanks for contribution to the work.

• Thanks for collaboration (during preliminary investigations).

• Thanks for assistance (with recording and transcription).

• Thanks for (constructive) criticism (of an earlier version of the
work/part of the work).

• Thanks for (helpful) comments on the work/part of the work.

• Thanks for discussions (e.g., which helped to develop ideas put
forward)

• Thanks for cooperation.

• Thanks for submission to be guinea pigs for the project.

• Thanks for teaching the author (e.g., what he knows about the
subject).

• Thanks for enhancing the quality of the work.

• Thanks for advicing on (e.g., the experimental design).

[Note: The work = (part of a/n) draft, paper, study, chapter,
experiment]

Additional ways to thank contributors:

• The author wishes to acknowledge (the help of Professor Chen in
developing the study design)

• My thanks go to Professor Lee of PROGRAM/INST for help with the
project.

• My thanks go to Professor Wang (E-MAIL ADDRESS) for his guidance.

• The authors would like to thank Professor Chen (e.g., who
contributed to this study).

• We are grateful to Dr. White for Dr. White’s advice, and to H.M.

• I am grateful to Professor Yang for guidance.

• We thank Professor Yang and Professor Chen for their expertise.

• I am (very) grateful for the contributions of Dr. Smith.

• This project would not have been possible without the
contributions of P.L.

• Other researchers whose advice I made use of include: ( . . . )

• (Above all) I wish to thank Dr. Yang . . .

• I would like to express my thanks to Dr. Wang for help with
analysis.

• I should like to acknowledge the advice of Professor Yang . . .

• The work was (greatly) enhanced by the (gracious) assistance of
Dr. Yang and Dr. Lin.

• Thanks also to Dr. Li, whose advice was invaluable.

4. 感謝經費之來源

The work was supported by the Research Support Scheme of the
INST/*PROGRAM, grant no. X. This work was supported through
INST/*PROGRAM. This research was supported by X-GRANT, an external
award from INST.

5. 免責聲明 (非必要)

The errors idiocies and inconsistencies remain my own.

期刊論文的致謝辭範例

這些致謝辭位於:

• 參考文獻之前(independent references):1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

• 註腳:7, 8, 9, 10, 11

1.

I am grateful to Professor Huang for letting me make use of his corpus
of text from New Scientists, and also for his helpful comments on the
first draft of this paper. Other friends and colleagues whose comments
and ideas I made use of include Professor A, Professor B and Professor
C. Above all, I wish to thank my students who have cheerfully
submitted to being guinea-pigs for the development of data-driven
learning, and who have taught me most of what I know about it. The
errors idiocies and inconsistencies remain my own.

2.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The authors would like to thank all colleagues and students who
contributed to this study. We are grateful to Dr. XX01 for her
collaboration during preliminary investigations, and to our Research
Assistant, XX02, who assisted with recording and transcription. We
thank the editor and series editor for constructive criticisms of an
earlier version of this chapter.

3.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The author wishes to acknowledge the help of Dr. Z in data collection
and Dr. X in commenting on an early draft of the chapter.

4.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I am very grateful for the cooperation and interest of the professor
and students who took part in this phase of my ethnographic study. It
would not have been possible without their help. This research was
supported by an Earmarket Grant, an external award from the University
Research Grants Council of Taiwan.

5.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

This work was supported by the Research Support Scheme of the Open
Society Institute/ Higher Education Program, grant no. 285/97, and
through a national Academy of education/ Spencer Postdoctoral
Fellowship.

6.

The quality of this experiment was greatly enhanced by the gracious
assistance of Professor L and Professor M, reading teachers, who
carried out the experimental treatments in their classes. Thanks also
to Professor K, Depth. of Maths and Computing at National Taiwan
University, Taiwan, whose advice on experimental design and help with
subsequent analysis was invaluable.

7.

1. I am most indebted to Dr. S for helping me learn to access the
system and allowing me to use his personal terminal.

8.

This paper originally appeared in System 21(2): 231-244, 1993 and is a
revised version of a paper originally presented at the 24TH Annual
TESOL Convention. San Francisco, March, 2010. I should like to
acknowledge the helpful comments of Professor W and Professor G on an
earlier draft.

9.

Some of the materials presented in this paper were first published in
TEXT 20(4)2000, Walter de Gruyter, Germany. The author’s are
grateful for the publisher’s permission to reprint the materials
here.

10.

I would like to express my thanks to Professor R and Professor Y for
permission to draw on their dissertation studies for the examples in
this paper, and for the discussions which helped me develop the ideas
put forward here.

11.

I. My thanks to Dr. J of CALS, Reading University, for permission to
use this component of RAT.

II. My thanks to Professor Chen for permission to refer to the
international Corpus of Learners’ English.

III. My thanks to Professor Smith of National Chiao Tung University
for permission to refer to PICLE.

最後的叮嚀:去年我聽到一位期刊主編對於致謝辭的看法,他說:「當我看見一篇我審閱過的論文發表於期刊內,我的第一個動作就是翻到論文的後頭,看看作者是否有在致謝辭中表達對我的感激;如果沒有,我會記住這名作者的姓名。」由此可見,主編及審稿人或許真的在乎您是否有對他們表達謝意。保險起見,您可加上“We
would like to thank two anonymous (unknown) reviewers and the editor
for their comments.”,這會是個明智的做法。

 

 

___________________________________________________________________________________

俐君閱讀筆記:

1. 田野研究者 碰到的 "what is going on?" 是很大的問題, 必須要從中培養敏銳的觀察力和領會力才能抓住事件.

2."why do I have to go through this" 的痛苦出現時, 要知道田野工作者必須是給自己新的身分,而不能帶著原本的自主性認同來進行田野.卸除自我認同的防衛衣才能達到融入封閉性團體的目標.

3.比較教育研究也可以從研究結果做某種預測,也可做為改革教育制度的參考.

4.比較教育研究所關心的是當代的教育而非歷史中的教育

5.目前以國家或文化圈做為比較的界線者較為普遍.

6.同質性越高,越沒有比較的意義.

7.最終目的是整體教育的綜合性研究比較

8.實證主義的比較教育研究: 觀察事實,列表分析,推演出原理規則.

9.相對主義的比較教育研究: 教育影響因素的分析....還有後來的假設驗證法,

10比較教育研究步驟:描述.解釋.並排.比較.

俐君上課筆記:

  1. 最後一個報告盡量完整
  2. 第二階段可以用自省性敘事研究來寫寫看-重點在反省,研究的意義和研究對象的關係具體把故事說出來
  3. 康進兄將寫孩子的轉學,身為父親的心路歷程
  4. 研究主題:華裔子弟與短期在台華語學習生活的互動影響
  5. 作業都可以先交簡單版,之後再增加修訂版或完整版
  6. 把自己的觀察用適切的研究方法呈現在研究中,否則會失之焦點
  7. 比較教育研究在學界比較成熟,科系也有
  8. 依賴理論-被殖民的國家到了後殖民時代,或後來獨立後,還留在殖民時代的社會現象
  9. 中心邊陲理論-邊陲的國家永遠在邊陲,中心的國家永遠在中心

甲、四小龍是特例

  1. Habitus-癖性/文化習性
  2. 在寫研究時,要多用他者的眼光來看,才不會陷入主觀的描述

 

 

 

 

康進上課筆記:"比較教育研究"

1.比較研究的立基在對兩方面都了解才行

2.不理解什麽可以比較就比較是可怕的事

3.台灣有許多比較教育的研究所,教材大多和歐美研究相近

4.教育的可比較性頗高

5.比較教育多以國家為單位

6.台灣一直未把閱讀放為重點,在國際教育比較就遜色許多

7.共同性和差異性同時存在才有比較基礎

8.依頼理論--國家很難離開殖民的影子--經濟,教育,制度......

9.多元文化採論取不同地區的比較研究

10.台灣的華語文教學難脫文化習性的框限

11.也許兩地的教學方法比較可看出對學習者的影響 

Comments (1)

Annabel Lee said

at 11:52 pm on Jun 8, 2011

100/06/02 3-3 比較教育學的回顧與展望 李美枝


比較教育學研究的歷史


1. 1960年代以前 - 奠基期


2. 1960年代 - 發展期

 比較教育學之興衰以美國現象為指標。

 歐馬克認為,1960年因研究第三世界教育得到財物援助,因此造成比較教育學蓬勃發展。原因有:

1.美國針對世界戰略性考慮,提出對第三世界之外交政策及援助計劃,進而對中國、南亞、拉丁美洲等國家進行地域研究,培養了許多比較教育學者。

2.從事第三世界教育援助計劃而歸來的和平部隊的年輕人,重新喚起對比較教育學的關心。

3.1960年代盛行教育投資論,不僅許多大學開設相關課程,亦為了推動援助計劃而產生很多職缺。


3. 1970年代 - 停滯期

1.研究經費被大幅刪減

2.美國國內反戰運動,反對美國過份介入國際問題


4. 1980年代 - 反省期

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